The Border Collie, like most sheep-herding breeds, is a descendant of the Persian Sheepdog. The modern day breed dates back to around the 1700s. Bred purely for their high intelligence and working ability, the Border Collie worked with shepherds for hundreds of years. Today, the Border Collie is also kept as a family pet. It is a medium sized and highly energetic working dog with a body that is slightly longer than it is tall. It is recognisable by its broad skull, pointed muzzle, medium sized ears and its medium sized tail. Both long-haired and short-haired breeds are very popular all over the world.
Border Collies are considered by most to be the most intelligent breed of dog in existence. It has an instinctive desire to work, to be challenged and to work closely with a human handler. Because of their high intelligence and energy, the Border Collie requires considerable daily exercise and mental stimulation. They are easily trained and have a great desire to please. Border Collies can become destructive if their high physical exercise demands are not met. This breed should show no signs or aggression or shyness.
Height: Dogs 19-22 inches (48-56cm) Bitches 18-21 inches (46-53cm)
Weight: Dogs 30-45 pounds (14-20kg) Bitches 27-42 pounds (12-19kg)
The Border Collie is prone to epilepsy and hip displasia, like many other breeds. They are also often allergic to fleas and can suffer from deafness and PRA, which is a Collie Eye Anomaly. They are generally very healthy dogs however.
Due to its very energetic nature, the Border Collie is not recommended for apartment life. It is highly active indoors and therefore do much better in a large household that has a large yard or garden. They crave attention from their owners and therefore should not be locked up outside in a kennel.
The Border Collie needs both physical and mental stimulation because of its high, almost limitless, energy and intelligence. They should be taken for brisk, long walks on a daily basis as a bare minimum. Playing games such as fetch will help to stimulate the dog somewhat, but giving the Border Collie a job to do will keep it happiest.
The Border Collie will live, on average, between 12 and 15 years.
4-8 puppies are the most common sizes of litter, with 6 puppies being the average.
Because of its long, silky coat, the Border Collie will need regular brushing to keep it in top condition. Even though the length of coat is quite long, the Border Collie is only an average shedder and the dog should only be bathed when necessary.
Herding, AKC Herding
ABC, AIBC, CKC, FCI, AKC, UKC, KCGB, ANKC, NKC, NZKC, APRI, ACR, DRA