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The Chihuahua is a tiny, toy sized dog with a well rounded head, large erect ears and large, protruding, round eyes that are set well apart. The breed, potentially, goes back as far as the 5th Century Mayan Civilization. The breed is named after the Mexican state of the same name, from which it was first exported to America. Since then, the Chihuahua has grown in popularity around the world. The Chihuahua comes with either a smooth coat or a long coat, with the two types being bred separately.


Being a lapdog, Chihuahuas crave the attention and affection of their owners. They love to be petted and follow their master from room to room. They are often noted as being quite hyper little dogs that are eager to please. Chihuahuas do have a tendency to yap quite often, which can get out of hand without the proper training. They are not the most intelligent of dog breeds but will respond well to training if it is begun early on. The Chihuahua can show aggressive tendencies to strangers, other animals and children as it is fiercely loyal to its owner. This breed is not recommended for families with small children as the Chihuahua can be provoked to attack if handled too roughly.

  • Height, Weight

    Height: Dogs 6-9 inches (15-23cm) Bitches 6-9 inches (15-23cm)

    Weight: Dogs 2-6 pounds (1-3kg) Bitches 2-6 pounds (1-3kg)

  • Health Problems

    Chihuahuas, due to their tiny size, are prone to injury. They can also suffer from rheumatism, slipped stifle, colds and gum problems. Care should be taken not to over-feed the Chihuahua as the breed gains weight very easily. They are also prone to secondary glaucoma, corneal dryness, pulmonic stenosis, heart valve problems, shoulder luxation and hypoglycemia.

  • Living Conditions

    Chihuahuas are perfect for apartment living because of their tiny size. However, they do need space just like other breeds. They prefer warm weather and dislike the cold.

  • Exercise

    Very active dogs, Chihuahuas need at least a daily walk. Playing with these dogs will also help to fulfill exercising requirements but walks are necessary. Allowing them to run around off leash in fenced in areas is also a good idea.

  • Life Expectancy

    About 15-20 years. Chihuahuas are very long lived and some have been reported to have lived up to 24 years.

  • Litter Size

    2 or 3 puppies is normal for Chihuahuas with the average litter size being 2.

  • Grooming

    An average shedder with either the long or short coat, the Chihuahua's coat is relatively easy to take care of. The short haired coat should be brushed occasionally or wiped with a damp cloth while the long haired coat should be brushed daily with a soft bristle brush. Bathing the Chihuahua once a month will keep the coat in top condition. Owners should check the Chihuahua's ears regularly and keep their nails trimmed also.

  • Group

    Southern, AKC Toy

  • Recognition


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