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Golden Retrievers

Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a medium to large sized dog that is powerful and sturdy. The medium length hair of the Golden Retriever's coat, along with its short, hanging ears and large, round, dark brown eyes make it instantly recognisable. The Golden Retriever breed, sometimes shortened to just Golden, dates back to the latter half of the 19th Century. The breed was eventually developed in 1908 after a thorough breeding process and got the name we use today in 1920. They were originally bred as gun dogs to retrieve shot waterfowl.


Goldens are noted for their intelligence and their kind, friendly and confident demeanour. They are easy to train and obedient. They should show no signs of aggression or shyness. Golden Retrievers are very calm around small children and bond well with them and other pets if socialized from an early age. This makes them very popular family pets. Golden Retrievers also have an extraordinary amount of patience. Goldens tend to be equally amiable with those they know and those they don't know. This makes them poor watch dogs and poor guard dogs.

  • Height, Weight

    Height: Dogs 22-24 inches (51-56cm) Bitches 20-22 inches (51-56cm)

    Weight: Dogs 60-80 pounds (27-36kg) Bitches 55-70 pounds (25-32kg)

  • Health Problems

    Generally a healthy breed, Golden Retrievers are, however, prone to cancer and hip dysplasia. They can also suffer from heart problems, congenital eye defects and skin allergies. They also gain weight easily and should not be overfed.

  • Living Conditions

    This breed, if sufficiently exercised, will be fine with apartment life. However, due to the size and energetic nature of the dog, they do tend to do better in larger households with a yard or garden.

  • Exercise

    Full of energy, the Golden Retriever needs plenty of exercise. A long and brisk walk should be undertaken every day combined with some games such as fetch. This breed is great as a jogging partner.

  • Life Expectancy

    About 10-12 years

  • Litter Size

    Litter sizes can vary from 4 to 12 puppies, although the average is around 8 puppies.

  • Grooming

    The smooth, medium length coat is relatively easy to maintain. Combing and brushing on a regular basis should keep it in great condition. Dry shampooing the coat regularly will also be of great benefit. Owners should also trim the coat from time to time.

  • Group

    Gun Dog, AKC Sporting

  • Recognition


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