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The Pomeranian is a very small dog of the toy group. The head is wedge shaped and in proportion to the body. The Pom has a thick double coat. The outer-coat is long, straight and harsh in texture, while the undercoat is short, thick and soft in texture. The Pomeranian is easily recognisable because of its coat and size. It is believed the Pom is descended from the sledge-pulling dogs of the Arctic and are most likely related to such breeds as the Norwegian Elkhound and the Samoyed. The breed is named after the region it came from, which bordered the Baltic.


The Pom is a very friendly, happy and lively breed of dog. They, like most toy dogs, love to be around their owners and will follow them from room to room. They tend to form strong bonds with their families and territories and can be wary of unfamiliar people and places. These little dogs are very intelligent and easy to train. They do have a tendency to bark which, despite making them good watch dogs, can make them a nuisance if the barking gets out of hand. When training the Pom, it is important to keep a firm, but gentle, hand and to stay consistant. These dogs will suffer from separation anxiety if they are not given sufficient attention.

  • Height, Weight

    Height: Dogs 7-12 inches (18-30cm) Bitches 7-12 inches (18-30cm)

    Weight:  Dogs 3-7 pounds (1-3kg) Bitches 3-7 pounds (1-3kg)

  • Health Problems

    Due to their small size Poms are prone to injuries such as dislocated joints and broken bones. They are also prone to dislocated knee-caps, slipped stifle, heart problems, low blood sugar and loss of teeth. However, they are noted as one of the hardiest of the toy breeds.

  • Living Conditions

    Due to its tiny size, the Pomeranian is perfectly suited to apartment life. It is very active indoors and loves to play. It will enjoy open spaces such as a yard or garden but this is not essential for the breed.

  • Exercise

    Poms do need a daily walk, but this does not have to be as long or as brisk as other breeds require. Play will satisfy much of the Pomeranian's exercise needs. These dogs are not demanding in their exercise requirements.

  • Life Expectancy

    About 15 years.

  • Litter Size

    Normal litter sizes are between 2 and 4 puppies, with the average being around 3.

  • Grooming

    The long, double coat of the Pomeranian should be brushed often. Once a week will suffice, but twice or three times a week will be necessary when the breed moults. Owners should check for dirt and matted hair also, and some trimming of the nails may be necessary.

  • Group

    Northern, AKC Toy

  • Recognition


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