The Pug breed, also know as Carlin, Mops and Chinese Pug Dog, is a small, stocky, square and thickset dog. They have a large head with a short and blunt muzzle. They are recognisable by the many wrinkles on their face and their large round black eyes. The Pug, like the Shih-Tzu, was bred to adorn the laps of the Chinese sovereigns during the Shang Dynasty. It was imported into Europe in the late 16th and 17th Century where it gained popularity with the Dutch nobility. Today the Pug is popular as a house pet.


The Pug is noted as being a very happy dog. It is very loyal and loving and affectionate towards its master and family. Intelligent and somewhat eager to please, the Pug is quite easy to train. The Pug craves attention and loves to play. Without sufficient attention the Pug can get bored and may start to display destructive or bad behaviour. The Pug, like most breeds, does need socialization, but is very good with children and other pets and dogs. They are also very good with strangers that are welcomed by their family. The Pug makes a fantastic family pet.

  • Height, Weight

    Height: Dogs 12-14 inches (30-36cm) Bitches 10-12 inches (25-30cm)

    Weight: Dogs 13-20 pounds  (6-9kg) Bitches 13-18 pounds (6-8kg)

  • Health Problems

    Due to the folds around the face, Pugs can suffer from skin problems such as infections. The short muzzle contributes to chronic breathing problems. They dislike both hot and cold weather and are prone to PDE (Pug Dog Encephalitis) which is an inflammation of the brain. Overfeeding a Pug will quickly lead to the dog becoming obese.

  • Living Conditions

    Pugs are fantastic for apartment life and love to be indoors playing with their owners. Cannot withstand very hot or very cold weather and therefore should be kept indoors at a comfortable temperature. They don't need a yard or garden.

  • Exercise

    Despite its small size, the Pug is a strong dog and will enjoy a daily walk and some play. They enjoy energetic games and will live longer if kept fit. They are not demanding of exercise and should not be overworked, especially if the dog starts to wheeze.

  • Life Expectancy

    About 12 to 15 years.

  • Litter Size

    The average litter size is around 3 puppies.

  • Grooming

    While the coat is easy to look after, only requiring a weekly brushing, the face requires more attention. The creases will need to be cleaned often and thoroughly to avoid skin issues. Once bathed, the Pug must be dried thoroughly to ensure it does not get chilled.

  • Group

    Mastiff, AKC Toy

  • Recognition