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The Schnauzer is a dog type that, today, comes in three different size categories. These are giant size, standard size and miniature size. The Schnauzer breed originated in Germany and the name comes from the German word "Schnuaze" which means snout, because of the dog's instantly recognisable bearded snout. The Schnauzer was bred as a rat catcher, a yard dog and a guard dog.


Schnauzer dogs tend to be very intelligent and sociable. The larger versions tend to be easier to train because of their working past. Schnauzers are also very playful dogs and, with proper socialization, get on very well with children and other dogs and pets. The larger dogs are also great for people who are looking for protector dogs, especially the Giant Schnauzer. All breeds require a steady but gentle hand when being trained and they all need plenty of physical and mental stimulation on a daily basis. All Schnauzers form strong bonds with their owners and families and the large breeds can become quite protective when unfamiliar people or animals are near.

  • Height, Weight

    Height (Giant): Dogs 18-20 inches (46-51cm) Bitches 17-19 inches (43-48cm) Height (Standard): Dogs 18-20 inches (46-51cm) Bitches 17-19 inches (43-48cm) Height (Miniature): Dogs 12-14 inches (30-36cm) Bitches 12-14 inches (30-36cm)

    Weight (Giant): Dogs 30-45 pounds (14-20kg) Bitches 30-40 pounds (14-18kg) Weight (Standard): Dogs 30-45 pounds (14-20kg) Bitches 30-40 pounds (14-18kg) Weight (Miniature): Dogs 10-15 pounds (5-7kg) Bitches 10-15 pounds (5-7kg)

  • Health Problems

    This breed is prone to hip dysplasia and heart problems such as heart murmers and heart failure. Schnauzers can also suffer from skin problems such as allergies to food and fleas. However, the susceptibility to illness is low.

  • Living Conditions

    The Schnauzer will do well in apartments. It is quite active indoors and well behaved if exercised and trained. It will do okay without a yard or garden as well.

  • Exercise

    Quite energetic, the Schnauzer needs plenty of exercise. At a minimum, they require a long, brisk walk. They also enjoy playing with their owners and running around off leash. Schnauzers particularly enjoy obedience tasks and the chance to please their owners.

  • Life Expectancy

    About 15 or more years.

  • Litter Size

    On average, the Schnauzer will have around 8 puppies. However, there have been recorded cases of litters being much larger.

  • Grooming

    The coat of the Schnauzer is easy to look after and sheds only a tiny amount. Giving it a brush and comb once or twice a week should be sufficient. Owners should do a more thorough brush every so often to clip out matted hair and dirt. Only bathe the coat when necessary.

  • Group

    Terrier, AKC Working

  • Recognition